Arch pain is a common foot concern. It affects runners and other athletes, but it can also occur in people who are less active. The arch helps:.
Each foot is made up of 28 bones, 30 joints and more than muscles, tendons and ligaments, all of which work together to provide support, balance and mobility. Here's a look at the main structures of the feet. Joints in the feet are formed wherever two or more of these bones meet.
They are formed by the tarsal and metatarsal bones, and supported by ligaments and tendons in the foot. In this article, we examine the anatomy of the arches of the foot — their bony and ligamentous structure, the supporting tendons, and their clinical correlations. There are two longitudinal arches in the foot — the medial and lateral arches.
Excess pressure on your forefoot can cause pain and inflammation in your metatarsals — the long bones in the front of your feet, just below your toes. Metatarsalgia met-uh-tahr-SAL-juh is a condition in which the ball of your foot becomes painful and inflamed. You might develop it if you participate in activities that involve running and jumping.
The muscles acting on the foot can be divided into two distinct groups; extrinsic and intrinsic muscles. In this article we shall be considering the anatomy of the intrinsic muscles of the foot. They can be divided into those situated on the dorsum of the foot, and those in the sole of the foot.
In humans the sole of the foot is anatomically referred to as the plantar aspect. The glabrous skin on the sole of the foot lacks the hair and pigmentation found elsewhere on the body, and it has a high concentration of sweat pores. The sole contains the thickest layers of skin on the body due to the weight that is continually placed on it.
The plantar fascia is the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot. It connects the heel bone to the toes and creates the arch of the foot. When this tissue becomes swollen or inflamed, it is called plantar fasciitis. Swelling occurs when the thick band of tissue on the bottom of the foot fascia is overstretched or overused.
Plantar fasciitis fashee-EYE-tiss is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel. Approximately 2 million patients are treated for this condition every year. Plantar fasciitis occurs when the strong band of tissue that supports the arch of your foot becomes irritated and inflamed.
Foot arch pain is a common problem, largely due to the amount of pressure going through our feet, especially if you are on your feet a lot. This is because the muscles and tendons that support the foot arches have to work hard to stabilise the foot and can quickly fatigue resulting in pain on the bottom of the foot. Weakness and tightness in the foot muscles changes how the forces go through the feet and up the legs so foot arch pain is often associated with back and knee pain too. Most common cause of foot arch pain with damage to the thick band under the foot.